SECTION 9/2.1 DESCRIPTION AND PURPOSE
This zone is established to accommodate the widest variety and highest concentration of retail and service establishments to be located in the major service center of the Township. This district includes those retail sale and service facilities that are considered to be an indispensable function of residential neighborhoods, along with various lodging, eating, and recreational facilities. A site plan review is required.
SECTION 9/2.2 USE REGULATIONS (Rev. 5/01, 5/02, 2/03)
Land and/or buildings in the C-1 zone may be used for the following purposes only:
A. For the retail sale of the following types of merchandise:
1. Foodstuffs, gasoline and petroleum products, pharmaceutical and allied products, clothing and dry goods of all kinds, hardware, retail furniture and household appliances, florist shops, and marine sales.
2. Shops or stores for conducting the following businesses to-wit: Electrical supplies, fixtures, accessories and for carrying on the trade of electricians, painters, photographers, plumbers, heating, ventilating, air conditioning and metal working specifically related to ventilation, and similar artisans, except metal workers.
B. For providing the following types of facilities: Gasoline service stations, motels, hotels, restaurants, taverns, tourist cabins, bowling alleys, miniature golf and golf driving ranges, billiard halls, boat marinas and launching ramps, theaters, nightclubs, hospitals, nursing and convalescent homes, condominiums, banks, credit unions, newspaper offices, commercial printers, video rental, building and lumber supply, commercial schools, pet grooming, child care centers, mobile home sales, travel trailer and recreational unit sales, new and used automobile sales, as defined in Article III - definitions, Sec. 3.25 - Mobile Homes, Sec. 3.37 - Travel Trailers and Sec. 3.42 - Recreational Units, provided they meet the requirements under Sec. 9.3 Area Regulations. and, at the sole discretion of the Planning Commission, uses similar in character to the above listed uses
C. For the purpose of rendering personal service, such as by way of illustration and not limitation: Barber shops, beauty shops, real estate offices, doctor and dentist offices, law offices, insurance sales offices, and churches.
D. Dwellings in conjunction with a business. One (1) dwelling per business permitted, provided it meets the following conditions:
(9/2.2 USE REGULATIONS C-1) Page 2
1. The dwelling is a part of the business building or attached thereto. It may be on any floor of the building.
2. The dwelling shall be for the primary purpose of providing a dwelling place for the owner, operator, or employee of the business.
E. Any use permitted in the R-1 Residential district, may be permitted in this district, provided they meet with all of the regulations of the R-1 Residential district. Any lot used for residential purposes shall have a minimum of 12,000 square feet. (Rev. 5/02)
F. Bed and Breakfast.
G. Special land uses: Storage units.
SECTION 9/2.3 AREA REGULATIONS (Amend 4/04)
No commercial building or commercial structure nor the enlargement of the same shall be erected unless the following yard area requirements are provided and maintained:
A. Building Setback - There shall be a minimum setback of sixty (60) feet from the curb of State Highway M-55 for all commercial buildings or structures located along said addressStreetState Highway. Commercial buildings or structures located in this district other than along State Highway M-55 shall have a minimum setback of thirty-five (35) feet from the roadway easement.
B. Side Yard - There shall be a minimum side yard requirement of ten (10) feet from roof's edge for fire protection, etc. Corner lots shall have a side yard setback of at least twenty-five (25) feet on the street side.
C. Rear Yard - A rear yard of at least twenty-five (25) feet must be maintained.
D. All petroleum pumps must be set back forty (40) feet from the road right-of-way.
E. Mobile home sales must have a front footage of a minimum of 200 feet and a minimum lot size of 87,120 square feet, or two (2) acres, provided that they meet with setback, side, and rear yard requirements.
F. Travel trailer and recreational unit sales must have a front footage of a minimum of 100 feet and a lot size of a minimum of 30,000 square feet, provided they meet with setback, side, and rear yard requirements.
G. New and used car setback - There shall be a minimum setback of twenty-five (25) feet from the curb of State Highway M-55, for display of new and used cars for sale along said addressStreetState Highway. New and used car sales located in this district other than along State Highway M-55 shall have a minimum setback of thirty-five (35) feet from the roadway easement.
(9/2.3 AREA REGULATIONS C-1) Page 3
H. The Roscommon Township Land Use Officer, hereafter referred to as the Land Use Officer, shall have the authority to approve non-conforming access ramps provided the following criteria are met:
1. The Land Use Officer determines that access is not feasible at any other location of structure.
2. The greatest set-back will be maintained by determination of the Land Use Officer.
3. No access, in any event shall be wider than (6) feet, including any overhang, five feet with out any overhang.
4. The Land Use Officer may, however, refer such requests he deems extraordinary to the Zoning Board of Appeals.
5. Access meets applicable placeCityADA "Americans with Disabilities Act", Public Law 101-336.
SECTION 9/2.4 OFF-STREET PARKING OF MOTOR VEHICLES (Amend. 5/01, 3/03)
Every property owner shall provide and maintain at all times an adequate number of off-street parking spaces, and the necessary loading and unloading facilities associated thereto in each district for all occupants, employees and patrons of said property.
A. A plan showing the required parking and loading spaces including the means of access and interior circulation, except for one-family and two-family dwellings, shall be provided at the time of application for a building permit and a Land Use Permit for the erection or enlargement of any building.
B. Parking space shall be provided in the manner and location herein specified.
1. No parking area, parking space or loading space which exists at the time this ordinance becomes effective or which subsequent thereto is provided for the purpose of complying with the provisions of this ordinance shall not thereafter be relinquished or reduced in any manner below the requirements established by this ordinance unless additional parking area or space is provided sufficient for the purpose of complying with the provisions of this ordinance within 300 feet of the proposed or existing uses for which such parking will be available.
2. Each automobile parking space shall not be less than 200 square feet nor less than 10 feet wide exclusive of driveway and aisle space.
(9/2.4 OFF STREET PARKING - C-1 COMMERCIAL) Page 4
3. All off-street parking facilities shall be drained so as to prevent damage to abutting properties or public streets and shall be constructed of materials which will have a dust-free surface resistant to erosion.
4. Any lighting fixtures used to illuminate any off-street parking area shall be so arranged as to reflect the light away from any adjoining residential lots.
5. No parking space shall be closer than five feet from the property line.
6. Off-street parking facilities in non-residential zones shall be effectively screened on any side which adjoins or faces property in any residential zone by a wall, fence or compact planting not less than four feet or more than eight feet in height. Plantings shall be maintained in good condition and not encroach on adjoining property. Screening shall not be so placed or maintained as to provide a traffic hazard through obstruction of visibility.
7. All off-street parking areas that make it necessary for vehicles to back out directly into a public road are prohibited, provided that this prohibition shall not apply to off-street parking areas of one or two-family dwellings.
8. Space for all necessary loading and unloading operations for commercial, must be provided in addition to the required off-street parking space. All loading and unloading operations must be carried on entirely within the lot area of the use it serves and shall not interfere with pedestrian or vehicular movement.
9. No loading or unloading shall be permitted on any public street or road. No open loading dock shall be erected on the sides of buildings fronting on any street. Enclosed truck loading docks may be located on the sides of buildings fronting on the street, providing that the truck doors are set back a minimum of 100 feet from the property line abutting the street and shall be screened by approved landscaping or equal material.
10. Requirements for the provision of parking facilities with respect to two or more property uses of the same or different types may be satisfied by the permanent allocation of the requisite number of spaces for each use in common parking facility, cooperatively established and operated, provided that the number of spaces designated is not less than the sum of individual requirements and provided further that the specifications in regard to location, plan, etc., are complied with.
11. The number of parking spaces required for land or buildings used for two or more purposes shall be the sum of the requirements for the various individual uses, computed in accordance with this section; parking facilities for one use shall not be considered as providing the required parking facilities for any other use.
(9/2.4 OFF STREET PARKING - C-1 COMMERCIAL) Page 5
C. Minimum Required Parking Spaces:(Amended 5/01)
1. Apartment houses: Two parking spaces for family unit.
2. Office building: One parking space for each 200 square feet of floor space utilized for work space for employees.
3. Retail stores, supermarkets, department stores, personal service shops, and shopping centers: One parking space for each 200 square foot area used for retail sales.
4. Libraries, museums and post offices: One parking space for each 100 square feet of floor area.
5. Bowling alleys: Three parking spaces for each alley.
6. Motels and tourist homes: One parking space for each separate unit plus one parking space for each employee.
7. Theaters, auditoriums, stadiums, and churches: One parking space for each four seats.
8. Assembly halls and convention halls without fixed seats: One parking space for each 100 square feet of floor area if to be used for dancing or assembly.
9. Restaurants and nightclubs: One parking space for each 100 square feet of floor area.
10. Other uses not specifically mentioned: Will be required to provide an area for parking facilities on private property in the ratio of three (3) square feet of parking area for each square foot of building area devoted to sales or service facilities.
11. Mixed uses in the same building: In the case of mixed uses in the same building the amount of parking space for each use specified shall be provided and the space for one use shall not be considered as providing required spaces for any other use except as to churches and auditoriums incidental to public and parochial schools permitted herein.
D. The Zoning Board of Appeals shall have authority to grant variances from the foregoing where it is satisfied that, under the circumstances prevailing, the requirements for off-street parking are too large for the particular development.